Distraction osteogenesis can correct jaw or facial bone abnormalities through the gradual separation of bone segments. It’s also a common procedure for those who are not interested in or not candidates for bone grafting or have skeletal growth issues that may require correction.
The Procedure Process
Typically, distraction osteogenesis treatment requires two minimally invasive surgical procedures with a period of slow bone separation taking place between them. At your consultation, we will discuss all the details of treatment with you to ensure you understand what to expect. General information about the process can be found below.
The initial procedure involves the placement of the small distraction device. You will likely choose a form of anesthesia at your consultation, which will help you relax and feel comfortable during the surgery. After your anesthesia has taken affect, your oral surgeon can place the device with minimal discomfort. Over the next week, your surgical site will heal, preparing you for the next step of the process.
When the site has healed, your oral surgeon can begin the distraction process, which means gradually shifting the bone apart, usually within the first week after the initial surgery. This separation allows new bone to generate in the space created by the device. Regular adjustments and checkups will ensure the distraction phase continues properly until the new bone has reached the optimal height and width. At this stage, your oral surgeon will perform the final procedure to remove the device.
What are the benefits?
Distraction osteogenesis offers several advantages for patients interested in a less invasive option than bone grafting:
- Improved control over bone growth. With distraction osteogenesis, bone growth is much more gradual than with other treatment options. The small, incremental adjustments allow for better control over the process.
- Decreased pain and swelling. Distraction osteogenesis requires a very small surgical site, which means a much lower chance of pain and swelling.
Distraction Osteogenesis at Oral & Facial Surgeons of Illinois
Our oral surgeons are highly qualified to treat bone and facial deformities with distraction osteogenesis. For patients who are interested in dental implants but lack bone support or have a skeletal growth concern, distraction osteogenesis may be the solution. We encourage you to contact one of our offices to learn more about the uses, benefits, and results of this treatment.