Grow Healthy, Stable Bone
Distraction osteogenesis can correct jaw or facial bone abnormalities through the gradual separation of bone segments. It’s also a common substitute procedure for those who are not candidates for bone grafting or for those looking for an alternative method. This technique is used in dentistry to assist in the development of a healthy jaw and bite. While a bone graft involves adding more bone to an area, distraction osteogenesis involves cutting the pre-existing bone and separating it slowly, allowing new bone to grow in.
The Process of Growing New Bone
Typically, distraction osteogenesis treatment requires two minimally invasive surgical procedures, with a period of slow bone separation taking place in between. At your consultation, we will discuss all the details of treatment with you to ensure you understand what to expect. We will also discuss your anesthesia and sedation options, as well as take 3D CBCT scans of your face and mouth.
The initial procedure involves the placement of the small distraction device. After your anesthesia has taken effect, your oral surgeon can place the device with minimal discomfort. When the site has healed, your oral surgeon can begin the distraction process, which involves gradually shifting the bone apart. This separation allows new bone to generate in the space created by the device. Regular adjustments and checkups will ensure the distraction phase continues properly until the new bone has reached the optimal height and width. At this stage, your oral surgeon will perform the final procedure to remove the device.
What Are the Benefits of Distraction Osteogenesis?
This procedure is a great option for patients with jaw bone deficiencies or deformities. Distraction osteogenesis offers several advantages for patients, including:
- Improved control over bone growth. With distraction osteogenesis, bone growth is much more gradual than with other treatment options. The small, incremental adjustments allow for better control over the process.
- Decreased pain and swelling. Distraction osteogenesis requires a very small surgical site, which means a much lower chance of pain and swelling.
- Long-term stability. The results of this procedure improve your oral health for years to come, as new bone develops and improves the structural integrity of your jaw and/or face.